Tips for writing a research paper - IMRaD (Infographic)
Peer-reviewed academic journals publish a variety of article types, such as “research articles” that report original research, “reviews” of the literature, and “case reports” of a small number of interesting cases. Each article type has its own specific format, and it is important that you use the appropriate one. This resource and its infographic provide tips for how to write original research papers.
Resource Roundup: Organizational Tools
As a busy researcher you know how important it is to be organized. With so many commitments pulling you to and fro, it can be easy to forget an important task or meeting. Not to mention needing to know how much time to anticipate for things like writing up manuscripts. We look at some useful online organizational tools to help keep you on top of your projects, and take the hassle out of staying organized.
Outlining Your Article: Brief Outlines
Getting started writing a manuscript once you have some results you’d like to publish can be difficult. Despite having a general idea of what you want to discuss, the challenge comes in putting that idea to paper and deciding what supporting information to include and what to leave out. Without any clear guidance, writer’s block is certain. This is where creating an initial outline can help.
Outlining Your Article: Extensive Outlines
We look at how to expand your Basic Outline into what we call an Extensive Outline.
Visualizing the format of your manuscript
Starting a new manuscript from scratch is almost always difficult. One way to help with this process is to visualize the format of your final manuscript. This is good for both planning your writing and also in providing checks and balances as you develop your work—essentially, it gives you a simple guide to making sure you are putting the right amount of effort and content into the right sections.
Writing in English for Non-Native Authors
Scientific writing is difficult enough for many authors who have English as their first language; for non-native English-speaking authors, writing a paper in English represents a massive challenge that can make or break their paper’s chances of publication.
It is important to be aware of the different types of literature that exist and the variety of publication types within each class. It is also important to honestly evaluate your work to determine what publication type is most appropriate for your study.
Determining the appropriate target journal and publication type in advance, and complying with the instructions set out in the Guide for Authors of the target journal, as they relate to the relevant publication type, will increase your chances of acceptance for publication and shorten the time from initial submission to acceptance..
EASE Guidelines for Authors and Translators of Scientific Articles to be Published in English
To make international scientific communication more efficient, research articles and other scientific publications should be COMPLETE, CONCISE, and CLEAR. These generalized guidelines are intended to help authors, translators, and editors to achieve this aim.
Word Processing Tips and Tricks: Manuscript Appearance & Snap to Grid
The word processor most commonly used throughout the scientific publishing industry is Microsoft Word. Most of us have used it to one degree or another for many years, but are you making the most of Word’s features to make your manuscript the best that it can be?
Abstracts and Keywords
Your paper’s abstract is critical because many researchers and journal editors will read only that part. Your abstract should provide an accurate and sufficiently detailed summary of your work so that readers will understand what you did, why you did it, what your findings are, and why your findings are useful and important.
Creating Graphical Abstracts
As more journals start to take advantage of the benefits of the online format, this has follow on effects for authors and their submissions. Online publication allows manuscripts to be more visual and interactive and editors are using those features to help attract more readers. One of the increasingly common features editors are adopting in this style is the graphical abstract.
Producing Good Figures
A figure can help you present observations or a large amount of data quickly and efficiently, and is a great way to catch the attention of readers. Readers often go directly to the figures after reading the Abstract to see the most important results; therefore, you need to make sure that they are well prepared, easy to read and, most of all, informative.
Display Items - Figures and Tables
Your figures and tables, also known as display items, are essentially graphical representations of the results described in the text. They are also the most effective and efficient way to present your results. Good figures and tables quickly tell the reader exactly what you found in your study.
Researchers, journals editors and peer reviewers all appreciate being able to quickly understand your results. Therefore, it is worthwhile devoting some thought and attention to developing good quality figures and tables.
Figures: Permissions and Acceptable Reuse
Preparing a good manuscript involves more than just writing up your results. You also need to consider what information to present as figures or tables, and the most effective way to present them. Occasionally, particularly when writing reviews or follow-up studies to your previous work, this may mean that you want to use a figure or table from another previously published source. In these cases, there are some important considerations to keep in mind.
Acknowledgments may seem like an unimportant part of your paper, but there are a few key things to look out for to ensure you give editors the information they need, and, of course, that the appropriate people get acknowledged.
Declaring Conflicts of Interest
There are a lot of ethical considerations that all researchers need to consider when both conducting their studies and writing them up. One issue that journals are starting to take very seriously and incorporate into their guidelines is the declaration of potential conflicts of interest.
Citing papers is the interesting part, but without a bit of patience and some tricks up your sleeve, formatting these citations and the full reference list can be a burden you’ll just want to ignore. Unfortunately, of all the formatting problems that see editors sending papers back to the authors for correction, this is one of the most common. So let’s look at a few key things to know about references to make sure you get them right.